Statement: “ALGERIA, The mysterious giant”. Magical, elusive and problematic, Algeria remains mysterious. With its history of violence, this North African country gives an irrational image. The spectrum of violence is still present but the country seems, the last years, to get out from the darkness. After a long colonization, a war of independence, and a war between the army and Islamists, Algeria will not cease to forge its identity and fight to separate it from French past. Its future is uncertain, but between tradition and modernity, its timid social project haven’t been touched by the Arab Spring, and the country suffers strong social and political cleavages.